Shawna Freshwater, Ph.D.   ·   Clinical Psychologist, NeuroPsychologist & Holistic Healer   ·   Contact for your free 15-minute consultation

1st Chakra Root Muladhara

1st Chakra Root

The Chakras of Matter
The first three chakras, starting at the base of the spine are chakras of matter. They are more physical in nature. We will begin with the first Chakra of Matter-Root Chakra – Mūlādhāra

The Root Chakra is named Mūlādhāra in sanskrit. The Root Chakra is the first of our energy centers and forms the basis and the starting point for our development. The vital life force energy of Root Chakra begins at conception and continues with life force energy dividing the cells during Embryogenesis. The spinal column begins to develop from the bottom (root chakra) moving to up (crown chakra), and then organs begin to develop.

The Root Chakra is associated with the first task we undertake after birth, and that is to determine “Do I belong here?” …on this Earth and in this family system. It is not a conceptual question based on (thinking) cognition. It is instinctual.

Root chakra—Mūlādhāra is the most instinctual of all chakras – it is your survival center. The primal energy of survival is fight, flight, or freeze response and is initiated from Root chakra energy. This is your primal, animal nature of survival.

This is the chakra that controls our animal nature and governed by the predominant survival sense of smell, then taste. This is the very primitive sensing of the world that a newborn infant engages in, commonly called “rooting” as the baby, through its mouth and sense of smell, turns her/his head, ’rooting’ around, and sensing her/his way to food. Overtime if this primal survival need is met, the infant will move directly to the object without searching. and the infant found his/her first primitive affirmation that he/she does belong in this world and that survival will be supported.

When you consider psychologist Erik Erickson’s stages of development, the first stage—trust versus mistrust—is closely related to Root chakra development. As an infant, if your caregivers consistently provided you what you needed to survive (food, water, love, affection, and emotional calm), then you felt secure in the world.   You felt that the world was a place that could be trusted to provide your basic needs. However, if your environment was chaotic and/or caregivers emotionally unavailable to you and/or if your caregivers withheld, delayed, or were inconsistent in giving you what you needed, then you will lack trust and security, and may find yourself with Root chakra imbalance or blockages. Whether or not you feel secure now is significantly impacted by how safe you felt as a small child.

Root chakra—Mūlādhāra is the chakra of stability, security, and our basic needs. The root chakra is comprised of whatever grounds you to stability in your life. This includes your basic needs such as food, water, shelter, safety, as well as your emotional needs of interconnection, and being fearless. When these needs are met, you feel grounded and safe. It is the most important Chakra as this is the Fundamental (or Mool) Chakra.

The Root Chakra is associated with the physical body that includes the adrenal glands, colon, kidneys, skeleton/bones, muscles, and arterial blood that flows through the left chamber of the heart, carrying oxygen and nutrients to our body tissue.

The Root Chakra provides the links between our energetic system and the physical world and is our base for our life force energy. It gives us the motivation to eat, sleep and procreate. When it comes to our psychological and spiritual nature, it helps us develop our personal integrity, self-esteem and sense of belonging.

The energies of the Root Chakra help us to feel grounded and connected to this Earth, giving us a place for our life to ‘take root’ and for the flow of energies to propel us forward on our life journey. When these energies are stuck, stagnant, imbalanced, or blocked, our vitality and zest for life are also compromised. This can happen when our sense of belonging in the world is threatened in some way, or is experienced as traumatic, leaving us feeling a deep sense of insecurity.

Imbalance in life force energy in the Root Chakra can leave us feeling restless or experiencing a lack of energy, which may be expressed as anxiety, worry, panic, depression, frustration, resentment, anger/rage, or having no interest in the world or in our own survival. We may also experience symptoms such as being threatened, chronically feel as if we don’t fit in or belong, and experience insecurity and low self-esteem. Mental signs: poor focus, disorganized, pessimism, negative thinking about life and narrow thinking

However, when the Root Chakra is balanced and energy can flow freely, it helps us increase the sense of belonging, feeling secure in our actions and choices, and have the ability to hold an increased sense of self-worth. Mental: Improved concentration, persistence, clear thinking, ability to set goals, ability to prioritize.  Emotional: passion, love, excitement, determination.

The journey to heal trauma /psychological wounds held in Root chakra is facilitated by deeper work with psychotherapy (i.e. trauma psychotherapy), Reiki-Tummo, specific yoga asanas, tai chi, and movement meditation that removes stagnate accumulated emotional energies.

The energy of Root chakra allows us to harness courage, resourcefulness and the will to live during challenging times. Root chakra connects us with spiritual energies of our ancestors, and our ancestors challenges and triumphs. Since Root Chakra carries our ancestral memories, basically everyone experiences challenges or imbalances within Root chakra.

War, famine, natural disasters, and any events that threaten our basic survival, are all recorded within energies of the Root chakra.  These memories are imprinted in the subtle body (i.e life energy) and are passed down from generation to generation creating unconscious generational patterns. It is our work to take responsibility for our own lives and bring to light that which is unconscious or latent.

The Karmas of our past lives and current life Karma, like seeds, also rest in the energy field of Root Chakra. The seeds that were planted lay dormant or latent, but when the conditions are met, the seeds/energies will manifest/present/arise in many forms: mental, emotional, psychological, physical, and spiritual.

From every thought, intention, or act that we perform or have performed, a seed is sown in the Root Chakra and will sooner or later rise into the light. In each lifetime, we have planted innumerable seeds.

The first of the seven energy centers, Mūlādhāra is also the most dense of the seven chakras.  The main color of this chakra is red which is also the most dense color of all chakra colors.  Red is the slowest of all the wavelengths within the visible spectrum, yet, it is the most stimulating color.  It pulls the retina forward so all of our energy and attention is focused outward.

That is why we use red color for the stop lights and stop signs. The root chakra color commands attention. It signals danger to us. We act immediately. Red is the color of the life force.  It is the color of blood and the first color we come into contact when we are born.  Red means energy and our connection with the Earth and carries the promise of survival.

The Bīja Mantra (Seed Mantra) of the Mūlādhāra Chakra is LĀM, the sound of spiritual awakening.  It releases tensions and removes blockages in this Chakra and activates its energy. And so the process of awakening the dormant powers within us and raising them into consciousness begins. Beautiful and healing experiences together with happy moments emerge from the past giving us strength and inspiration to continue on our path. But together with the pleasant experiences, we can also go through painful feelings in the Mūlādhāra Chakra.  Buried hurts, unprocessed emotional traumas, and disappointments that were deeply etched into our consciousness come to the surface so they can finally be healed and resolved.

Disappointment is not necessarily something negative.   It means a transition, a step in our development, a teaching.   Every learning step in our life is accompanied by the correction of a false idea,  by “disillusionment”.   The Mūlādhāra Chakra is often full to the brim with painful disillusionments.  But, when we work our way through these misfortunes with wisdom they are transformed into valuable experiences and opportunities for development.

For as long as we live we will be confronted with problems. The ignorant take them merely as a nuisance and misfortune, but the wise regard them as valuable and beneficial experiences. When we learn from them and begin to work on ourselves we progress in our spiritual development. If we do not do this we remain stuck in the suffering and continue to replay the painful lessons.

First Chakra—Mūlādhāra
Quick Reference

All of the seven chakras are important and interconnected with each other. Usually, balancing one chakra will create change in another chakra. It is important though to balance the Root Chakra first, before we proceed to others, or we will lack the stability and rootedness necessary for true transformation and personal growth.

We cannot grow and change unless we feel safe and secure. Mūlādhāra governs survival.

  • Sanskrit name: Muladhara – root support
    Mūla = Root, Origin, Essence
    Ādhāra = Basis, Foundation
  • Physical Location: Coccyx, first three vertebrae at the base of the spine
  • Endocrine gland: Adrenal cortex/Adrenal glands (fight-flight
  • Organs/regions: bladder, colon/large intestine, skeleton, foot, leg, teeth, arterial blood flow to left chamber of heart
  • Developmental stage: womb to 12-months
  • Balanced/flowing energy: When this chakra is open/energy flowing, we feel safe, at home in the world, and fearless.
  • Imbalanced: Root Chakra is blocked by fear and various forms of trauma. sluggish, eating disorder.
  • Psychological symptoms of blockage include: anxiety disorders, fear, panic attacks, worry, overthinking, depression, nightmares, emotionally disconnected, disconnected from the body, anger/rage.
  • Physical symptoms of blockage include: lethargic and physically drained, problems in the colon, with the bladder, with elimination, or with lower back, left arm, leg, or feet issues, Inflammation, cramps. In men, prostate problems may occur. Eating disorders may also be a sign of a root chakra imbalance.
  • Root Chakra governs our physical energies—giving us a sense of safety and security with other people, ourselves, and trusting in life. Without balancing it, no matter how hard we try, higher chakras can not be healed / unblocked/ flow until Root chakra—Mūlādhāra is flowing.
  • Element: Earth (Earth is our mother, our body is formed from her elements. She supports and nourishes us)
  • Mantra seed syllable: LAM
  • Color: Red    Our various mental states and emotions are related to specific Chakra color frequencies. Red is dense frequency.
  • Bodhisattva:  Red Tara embodying compassion
  • Amitaba:  magnetizing the red fire element, the aggregates of discernment, pure perception, profound awareness of the shunyata of all phenomenas
  • Square with 4 Lotus Petals.  See Featured Image Mandala of this post
  • Sensory: primary smell (olfaction)

Balancing Root Chakra-Mūlādhāra

  • Stones/Gems: garnet, red jasper, black tourmaline, and bloodstone. You can place the gemstone on the area of the chakra while lying down to help open and align it. Or wear it.
  • Physical exercise (Yang & Yin)
  • Nutrition: eating red fruits (beets, tomatoes, strawberries, cherries)
  • Connecting to the earth, walking barefoot on the grass, gardening, are just some activities to balance the root chakra.
  • Healing vibrations /Sound baths with frequency specific to Root chakra . Our various mental states and emotions are related to specific Chakra sound frequencies. When exposed long enough to a resonant Chakra sound frequency, the Chakras will be brought into balance; and when your Chakras are in balance, so is your mind and emotions. my YouTube channel has playlists for Soundbaths and there is a specific ChakRas energy healing that I recommend based on 4-years of clinical healing research.
  • Asana (yoga poses): Primary focus on YIN (acceptance)
    *  Pavanamuktasana—knee to chest pose
    *  Janu Sirsansana—head to knee Pose
    *  Padmasana—lotus flexion
    *  Malasana—squatting pose
    *  Tadasana —mountain pose
    *  Shavasana—corpse pose
    *  Virabhadrasana I —Warrior I (*this is a yang pose, but strengthens courage, make sure to stand barefoot on earth)
  • Movement Meditation for removing blockages and balancing
    While meditation does connect you to a higher spiritual plane, it also serves to ground you. You may not always be able to trust that the world will give you what you need to survive, but connection to your higher self and trust in a power higher than yourself will give you what you need to feel safe.
  • Psychotherapy: type of psychotherapy modalities: Interpersonal, Psychodynamic, Object Relations, & Contemplative for Root cause(s) and integration for healing, and specific behavioral solutions for symptom manifestations.
  • Reiki-Tummo energy healing
  • Essential Oils: *Sandalwood, Rosewood, Rosemary, Black Pepper, Cedar, Clove, Ginger, frankincense, Myrrh

1st Root Chakra- Mūlādhāra Affirmations:
I feel centered
I am home
I am connected to my body
My body is my home
I feel safe and secure
I stand for my values, truth, and justice
I have what I need
I am kind and compassionate to myself
I am infinite possibilities
I am grateful for challenges because they make me stronger
I am fearless
I trust myself
I love myself
I trust true source which is universal divine mother providing for my basic needs
I nurture myself with healthy food, clean water, clean air, exercise, relaxation, and connection to nature

This Blog: Root Chakra- Mūlādhāra is Series of blogs starting with the Introduction Blog of the 7 main Chakras and progressing through a teaching on each of the 7 main chakras.

Shawna Freshwater, PhD

Shawna Freshwater, PhD

Hi, I am Dr. Shawna Freshwater, a PhD licensed Clinical Psychologist, Neuropsychologist, and Holistic Practitioner. ** I provide Psychotherapy, Coaching, Healing, Diagnostic testing & Mental Health Check-ups. ** I meet the needs of my patients and clients that are confidential and convenient to their schedule. ** I offer Remote / Online secure interactive video conferencing to USA residents and International clients. ** I also provide Concierge services at your home, office, or private location of your choice if you reside in South Florida Major Cities. ***Please see my website for more information about my credentials and areas of expertise. Thank you. Dr. Freshwater


  1. Ally on April 18, 2019 at 12:40 am

    Wonderful and informative article, thank you.

  2. Andre on April 21, 2019 at 9:20 pm

    Thank you.

  3. Zachary Casados on April 27, 2019 at 11:18 pm

    Thank you for taking the time to write this article. I found it very informative. Love anlight!

  4. Sandra on May 13, 2019 at 4:06 pm

    This info was REALLY helpful and the affirmations are amazing. Thank you so much for sharing.

  5. Michael M. on May 30, 2019 at 11:54 pm

    Thank you so much for all that you shared in the article on the Muladhara Chakra.

  6. Austin on June 15, 2019 at 11:53 am

    Thank you <3

    • Sea K. on August 22, 2019 at 4:37 am

      I just came across your site, thank you for the teachings. I found them very simple to understand and extremely helpful at the same time. Thank You for the Sharing of your knowledge and wisdom…

  7. Clarity on June 25, 2019 at 11:16 pm

    This an absolutely fabulous read. Really well rounded and covers a lot of areas. You are wonderful. Thanks so much for sharing this 🙏❤️

  8. Jenniffer J. on June 30, 2019 at 10:25 pm

    This article was really informative! I truly appreciate you taking the time to write it. It is one of the most succinct and informative quick references I’ve read.

    • Isabel on September 12, 2019 at 7:35 am

      This is very educative. Thank you so much

  9. jerithe m. on July 3, 2019 at 12:24 am

    thank you so much

  10. isa on July 9, 2019 at 7:09 pm

    Great article, very informative and helpful. Thank you!

    • Liz K. on July 15, 2019 at 10:27 pm

      Thank you for this guide! I truly enjoyed reading your article. It is comprehensive, yet practical and with no excess information. The affirmations are awesome!

  11. Kari on July 31, 2019 at 5:13 pm

    Very helpful. I’m taking a course on chakras and wanted some extra information, and your article is perfect! Thanks.

  12. Neil on August 6, 2019 at 5:32 am

    So Good

  13. Iwona K. on August 27, 2019 at 12:10 pm

    Thank you .
    It is so beautifully, clearly written .
    It summarizes all the aspect of this topic.
    I love essential oils and stones. This shows me different approaches to use them .

  14. Sara V on September 4, 2019 at 8:05 am

    Great article, thank you. I am very curious about the connection of the root chakra with left chamber arterial blood flow and wondered if there is a connection between early childhood trauma and heart disease, as a manifestation of unhealed root chakra issues. I’d be curious to hear about what you find in your practice.

  15. Taylor on September 5, 2019 at 6:54 pm


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